Environmental Insurance insures the actual property or activity itself rather than the warranty or indemnity that might be given in a transaction. On a transaction where warranty and indemnity (W&I) Insurance is being used, it is likely that environmental issues / pollution / contamination etc. will be excluded under the policy and so we might look to Environmental Insurance to bridge the gap. Note that the liability here is nothing to do with the transaction itself – the insurable risk lies in the property itself.
Under an Environmental Insurance policy, the policyholder can claim for the damage caused by the environmental issue i.e. the clean-up costs but they can also claim for loss of business of not being able to operate on that site. The insurer will analyse the risk of the chance of there being pollution at the property and the damage it could cause over a 10 year period.